At the session of Congress held in the winter of 1789-90 Congress passed a law authorizing the first census of the United States to be taken. The act was passed March 1, 1790, and directed an enumeration of the inhabitants to be taken in the summer of 1790. The census was to be commenced on August 1 and to be completed within nine months.
When the 1790 census in New York State was taken, the area now known as Oneida County was part of Montgomery County. Montgomery County (formerly known as Tryon County) had been divided into nine towns. One of these towns was Whitestown, organized March 7, 1788.
Whitestown consisted of
“all that part of the county and of the state lying westerly of a north
and south line running across the Mohawk River at the fording place near
the house of William Cunningham at old Fort Schuyler (Utica) leaving that
house to the west of the same line and bounded north and west by the north
and west bounds of the State and south by the state of
Pennsylvania.” [the house of William Cunningham then stood near the foot of and on the west side of Genesee Street (Utica), midway between Water and Whitesboro Streets.] This town was named for Hugh White, and early pioneer, and covered an area nearly equal to half the state of New York.
This census is supposed to show all who were in the town of Whitestown on the first Monday of August 1790, the time the census was taken. Jone’s Annals of Oneida County state Ezra Parker, Ephraim and Nathan Waldo located at Bridgewater in 1789; and that John and Sylvester Butler and Asa Shepard settled at or near Sauquoit in that year; and that in March and April 1789 the families of Benjamin Barnes Jr., John Humaston and Aaron Adams and Abel Simmons located the same year on Paris Hill. None of those names appear on the census. It is an historical fact that Ephraim Webster, Asa Danforth Jr. and Comfort Tyler were all located in what is now Onondaga County (then Whitestown) as early as 1786 yet none of those names appears in that census.
The original census was not arranged in alphabetical order, but it has since been so arranged and also classified according to the towns in the county as they now exist, as near as can be at this late date.
Jacob Morris was the enumerator. Some of the given names could not be deciphered. It must be borne in mind that when this census was taken the town of Whitestown included all of the State between the Genesee bridge at Utica and Ontario county. Those marked residence unknown probably resided in what is now Onondaga county.
Damewood (Damuth) Richard
Butler, Ebenezer, Jr.
Cassady (Cassety) Thomas
Ferguson, Samuel Jr.
Merrell, Caleb B.
Stebbens, Judah Jr.
Kellogg, Frederick W.
Savage, Guideon (Gideon)
Lummas (Loomis) Ladoc
Fellows, Roswell (Rozel)
Knight, Daniel W.
Alberson, (Alverson) Uriah
Blackmer, Joseph Jr.
Chittington, Gerard (Chittenden, Jared)
Lummas (Loomis), Nathan
Lummas (Loomis), Isaac
Badcock (Babcock) David
Goodrich, Rosel (Roswell)
Holt, Justice (Isaac)
Whitmore (Wetmore), Amos
Whitmore (Wetmore), Parsons
White, Hugh Jr.
White, Daniel C.